first amendment, expressive materials, expressive merchandise


Courts have struggled to strike a balance between the interests of individuals and cities with the application of intermediate scrutiny to content-neutral time, place, and manner restrictions, and several variations have emerged. This Comment will examine the breadth of those approaches as they affect the determination of what expression triggers First Amendment protection. Ultimately, the Note will argue for a re-thinking of how courts evaluate the scope of First AMendment protection and municipal regulation of expressive activity.



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