Gordon Eng


Commerce Clause, Twenty-First Amendment, interstate trade


This Note examines the tension between the Twenty-First Amendment to the United States Constitution and the Dormant Commerce Clause, with respect to state regulations governing of out-of-state direct shipment of wine to consumers. The Constitution is not clear about where the boundaries of the Commerce Clause lie when Congress has not explicitly addressed an issue. This Note first recognizes the importance of history with respect to the Twenty-First Amendment. It further examines recent court decisions, identifying four approaches taken by federal courts to address this issue and the distinguishing factors that influence the courts' final holdings. Finally, this Note offers a possible solution to the conflict, arguing that the dormant Commerce Clause analysis being applied by a number of courts against direct-shipment laws is fundamentally flawed.



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