Environmental Justice, Climate Change, Feminism, Gender, Ecofeminism, Marshall Islands


The modern feminist and environmental movements were given birth in the same decade, and both reached a critical developmental stage in the 1980s. The full extent of their relevance to each other was briefly explored in the 1990s in very limited legal literature, consisting primarily of three articles that began to explore the concept of ecological feminism, or “ecofeminism.” Since the mid-1990s, however, ecofeminism has largely been left to examination and study by sociologists with virtually no contribution from legal academics or environmental professionals. The point of this study is to demonstrate that it would be a missed opportunity not to revisit the concept of ecofeminism with today’s world structure and the pressing problems of international environmental degradation. Specifically, this article will focus on the problem of climate change and the valuable insights that a post-modern ecofeminist perspective on international environmental law could bring. This article will propose that post-modern feminism move beyond earlier ecofeminist perspectives, with their self-limiting focus on enhancing participation of women in international governance and the disproportionate impacts of environmental problems on women, to a broader perspective on the underlying causes of international environmental problems drawing from twenty-first century concepts of environmental justice, deconstructed and reimagined state sovereignty, population control, food security, and energy security.

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