Part I of this Essay briefly addresses the legal basis for attribution of liability as established by the CJ in Akzo Nobel. Part II discusses the Commission's new attribution policy for joint venture infringements and its compatibility with EU case law. Part III discusses the application of the concept of joint and several liability in joint venture situations.
Jolling K. de Pree and Stefan C.H. Molin,
Shareholder Liability for Joint Venture Infringements in the European Union,
34 Fordham Int'l L.J. 431
Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol34/iss3/2