This Essay will explore the issues and concerns from both the defendant and plaintiff angle, and from the micro to the macro level. Above all, it hopes to suggest ways in which the EU systems might be improved to increase fairness and access to justice for both sides. The first three Parts of this Essay consider the issues from the point of view of defendants in cartel investigations. Part I looks at concerns regarding the procedural detail of the investigative process, and in particular the increasing impact of human rights arguments. Part II steps back to focus on more over-arching concerns, such as the operation of the Commission's leniency and settlement programs, while Part III considers fundamental structural issues, such as the broad role played by the Commission in EU antitrust enforcement. Part IV looks at the debate from the point of view of third-party claimants for damages, assessing the obstacles to effective damages actions in the EU. This Part also discusses the possibilities for synergies between the public and private enforcement regimes and concludes that the Commission would do well to consider the potential benefits of closer cooperation between the two regimes.
David Anderson and Rachel Cuff,
Cartels in the European Union: Procedural Fairness for Defendants and Claimants,
34 Fordham Int'l L.J. 385
Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol34/iss3/1