Merle H. Weiner


This Article ultimately recommends that courts should reign in, if not abandon, the doctrine of equitable estoppel as it is used in Hague child abduction cases. This Article supports its thesis in four parts. Part I describes the equitable estoppel argument as it has emerged within the Hague Convention framework. Part II then examines the Convention's legislative history and argues that the doctrine is incompatible with that history. Part III analyzes the principle policy basis offered in support of the doctrine: the deterrence of concealment. Part IV focuses on the best way to address concealment within the confines of the Convention structure.