On December 11, 2008, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted General Assembly (“G.A.”) Resolution 10798, accepting a Convention prepared by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law on “Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea,” in lieu of a diplomatic conference, and scheduled the convention to be signed, subject to subsequent ratification, on September 23,2009 at Rotterdam.10 The new Convention is designed to replace two earlier international conventions, popularly known as the Hague Rules of 1924 (“HR”), with the Visby Amendments of 1968, and the Hamburg Rules of 1978 (“HamR”), thus the new Convention will be known as the Rotterdam Rules. The Rotterdam Rules will apply to the international movement of goods “door to door,” that is from the seller to the buyer including the period or phase while the goods are in a port and not on the ship and subject to loading, storage, relocation, and unloading. This Article will deal with the new provisions and relate them to the background of previous treaties in order to determine the parts that represent harmonization of law as well as its progressive development.
Prof. Dr. David Morán Bovio,
Ocean Carriers' Duty of Care to Cargo in Port: The Rotterdam Rules of 2009,
32 Fordham Int'l L.J. 1162
Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol32/iss4/4