Political inventions are so rare that when they do arise they are not recognized--we try to fit them into traditional classifications, or criticize them for not being something that they were never intended to be. The European Commission (“Commission”) was a genuinely new political invention, created to solve a problem. The problem was that the European Community (“EC”) had to have majority voting. That meant that from time to time minorities would be out-voted. Majority voting--an old idea, but never before used in an international organization--had to be made acceptable.
John Temple Lang,
The Commission: The Key to the Constitutional Treaty for Europe,
26 Fordham Int'l L.J. 1598
Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol26/iss6/3