Romina Polley


This Essay will examine strategies implemented by national carriers in the European Union (or ‘EU‘) to preserve their longstanding monopolies that were constructed and protected by Member States against new airlines emerging in the framework of the liberalization of European Community (“EC” or “Community”) air transport. This analysis necessitates an assessment of whether liberalization of air transport in Europe has been a success, and if not, or not completely, what remains to be done to allow new entrants to challenge flag carriers, which still benefit from the advantages attributable to former protectionist regulation.