In his confirmation hearings, Chief Justice Roberts analogized judges to baseball umpires who only call balls and strikes.1 That is a questionable analogy in general, given that judges’ oversight of court proceedings goes beyond applying the law. But most especially, it is belied by judges’ role in regulating law practice, including judicial practice. With respect to lawyers, judges not only apply the law but make and enforce it. The eleven pieces in this collection, briefly introduced here, reflect the breadth of courts’ authority
This paper has been withdrawn.