Document Type


Publication Title

Clinical law Review



Publication Date



Examinations, LSAT, Proctoring, Legal Academia


Written examinations play a key role in legal education. The LSAT is the most important factor in law school admissions. Once students enroll in law school, exams are used to evaluate and sort first year students. At most American law schools, a single, end of semester or end of year, timed, written, in class exam determines the grade in each first year class.' Although exams continue to play a major role throughout law school, once students are sorted at the end of first year it is often difficult for them to significantly change their place in the law school hierarchy. This paper argues that written exams are not adequate assessment tools for law schools and presents data suggesting that using both graded simulations and exams would better assess and promote the development of law students into lawyers.

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