Document Type


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Columbia Human Rights Law Review

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World Conference Against Racism, WCAR, racial discrimination


This background paper assesses the importance of integrating gender into efforts to address racial discrimination and related intolerance in the WCAR process. While this background paper primarily focuses on racial discrimination, the analysis may be applied to xenophobia and related intolerance where these experiences are "raced" experiences. Addressing these forms of intolerance in a comprehensive manner requires unmasking the ways in which race intersects with gender and other status. A gender analysis is needed to make racism more fully visible, because "racial discrimination does not always affect men and women equally or in the same way." Women often experience compounded or intersectional discrimination, in which their experience of gender discrimination intersects with race discrimination and related intolerance.