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New York State Bar Journal

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Following President Gerald Ford's unconditional pardon of former President Richard Nixon on September 8, 1974, claims were made that the pardon was invalid because it came before indictment and conviction. Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski was urged to test its validity in court. Indeed, one federal judge expressed in open court the view that the public interest required the pardon's validity to be tested. The Special Prosecutor's decision not to proceed appears well founded when a review is made of the history of the President's pardoning power.