Document Type


Publication Title

Judges' Journal

Publication Date



employment discrimination


Racial integration has long been the touchstone of racial progress in the workplace. But integration is only the beginning of the struggle to end racial discrimination. As workplaces become more diverse, they do not necessarily become less racially discriminatory. Diverse workplaces may be characterized by antagonism between people of different races. Interethnic discrimination may exist alongside the discrimination that has traditionally occurred between blacks and whites, i.e., non-white racial and ethnic groups may engage in disparate-treatment employment discrimination actionable under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Examples of interethnic discrimination occur among members of different ethnic subgroups, as when Puerto Ricans allegedly discriminate against Mexican-Americans or Dominicans, or white Latinos allegedly discriminate against Afro-Latinos. In reality, then, there are many ways that non-white ethnic groups and subgroups can be complicit in race based decision making in the workplace.