Criminology and Public Policy
The youth justice system in the United States has always depended on nongovernmental organizations to provide some of the services, supports, and sanctions for youth after juvenile court adjudication. As the use of state-operated youth confinement declined in recent years, primarily as a result of falling rates of serious juvenile crime, the relative importance of private facilities increased. The number of juveniles held in privately operated secure confinement facilities is now larger than the number confined in state institutions.
John F. Pfaff and Jeffrey A. Butts,
It’s About Quality: Private Confinement Facilities in Juvenile Justice, 18 Crim. Pub. Pol'y 361
Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/faculty_scholarship/1036