This essay highlights recent state and local policies relating to immigrants and the respects in which they reflect the community membership of those who do not have national citizenship, and makes a case for bundling measures premised on alien membership through the institutional challenge of citizenship. The article also explores the modalities of a formalized local citizenship.
Peter J. Spiro,
Formalizing Local Citizenship,
37 Fordham Urb. L.J. 559
Available at: http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ulj/vol37/iss2/2