This Articles discusses the various underpinnings of American judicial independence. Though giving credence to provisions such as selection, compensation, and retention, the Article focuses on the judicial ethical norms that have developed through the history of the United States. It covers such rules as ex parte communications, gifts, political activities, and codes applicable to lawyers.
Vincent R. Johnson,
The Ethical Foundations of American Judicial Independence,
29 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1007
Available at: http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ulj/vol29/iss3/9