This Note synthesizes a customary international standard of usage for automatic submarine mines, taking into account existing international agreements and recent history. It then details the questionable nature of recent mine use in Nicaragua and the Red Sea, as judged against the synthesized standard, and the differing positions on acceptable standards of mine use asserted by the United States.
Juden Justice Reed,
"Damn the Torpedoes!": International Standards Regarding the Use of Automatic Submarine Mines ,
8 Fordham Int'l L.J. 286
Available at: http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol8/iss2/5