Whether the free movement of goods provisions in EU law apply to the acts of private parties has long been the subject of discussion in the literature, although for many years the discussion was rather inactive. However, because of developments in the case-law of the European Court of Justice on the other freedoms, the question of the extent to which actions of private parties are caught has become of particular interest. This Article addresses this debate and seeks to offer some guidance towards its resolution.
Lawrence W. Gormley,
Private Parties and the Free Movement of Goods: Responsible, Irresponsible, or a Lack of Principles?,
38 Fordham Int'l L.J. 993
Available at: http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol38/iss4/3