Andrea Biondi


In this Article the author givesPart I of this Article goes through a brief overview of the contours of state aid in the European Union. Part II is devoted to a specific aspect of the acquis communitaire. As it is well known, Article 87 [of the European Community Treaty] identifies the five preconditions for a State measure to be defined as aid: Transfer of State resources, advantage, selectivity, distortion of competition, and effect on intra-Community trade. The reflections in this Part is confined to the first of those conditions.