This Article focuses on some of AG Jacobs' opinions regarding matters of competition, starting with his contributions on the meaning of “undertaking” in Höfner and AOK, under a combination of the Treaty Establishing the European Community (“EC Treaty”) Articles 82 and 86 (special and exclusive rights), and Risparmio, under Articles 86 and 87 (State aids). It does not deal with many other opinions he wrote on the meaning of “undertaking,” such as those in Albany and Pavlov. Finally, it discusses his opinions on refusals to deal in Bronner and Syfait, along with a selection of other judgments on the topic.
Advocate General Jacobs' Contribution to Competition Law,
29 Fordham Int'l L.J. 716
Available at: http://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/ilj/vol29/iss4/7