Susan E. Craig


This Note argues that foreign sovereign defendants should be accorded pro se status in federal courts to contest jurisdiction, subject to the discretion of the court. Part I examines the problems faced by foreign sovereigns being sued in United States federal courts. Part II analyzes pro se representations and the policies underlying limitations on its use. Part III presents rationales in support of pro se representation by foreign states and proposes factors for courts to consider in determining the propriety of pro se representation.